Europe to capture 250B€ in new business across the entire battery value chain.

The need for batteries is growing exponentially, at a speed that increases every day.
For Europe, battery production and engagement across the entire battery value chain is imperative for a clean energy transition and a competitive industry.

The European Commission launched the European Battery Alliance in October 2017 to address this industrial challenge and capture an annual market estimated at €250 billion from 2025 onwards.

The industrial work stream of the European Battery Alliance - known as the EBA250 - gathers the voices of 120+ European and non-European stakeholders.

This web portal is your window into these proceedings.


The European Battery Alliance (EBA) was launched in October 2017 by European Commission Vice President, Maroš Šefčovič – to allow all Europeans to benefit from safer traffic, less polluting vehicles and more advanced technological solutions while creating a competitive and sustainable battery cell manufacturing value chain in Europe. A market with an estimated annual value of up to €250 billion by 2025.

The industrial work stream of the European Battery Alliance is run by InnoEnergy – Europe’s sustainable energy engine supported by the EIT. Based on its experience in the field of supporting batteries and storage innovations, InnoEnergy was asked by VP Šefčovič in October 2017 “to continue its groundwork in partnership with the EU industry, academia, and financial sectors, with a view to delivering first recommendations on enabling framework conditions,” by March 2018.

At his request, InnoEnergy has carried out this work stream for six months with 120+ European (and non-European) stakeholders representing the whole battery value chain. These stakeholders have contributed to the design and content of 43 necessary actions to set up a dynamic and efficient European Battery Alliance – to capture a significant share of the entire value chain of the rapidly expanding global battery market.

These actions were agreed, notably during two meetings organised by InnoEnergy in December 2017 and January 2018. Among them, 18 are considered of high priority.


17 May 2018

Strategic Action Plan for Batteries

A Strategic Action Plan for Batteries that supports the measures proposed by the EBA250 stakeholders was published as part of the Clean Mobility Package in May 2018. The Clean Mobility Package is a set of initiatives initiated by the European Commission to allow all Europeans to benefit from safer traffic, less polluting vehicles and more advanced technological solutions, while supporting the competitiveness of the EU industry.

23 February 2018

EU Industry Day

18 high priority actions resulting from the EBA250 stakeholder consultation process were presented at Clean Energy Industrial Forum, during the European Industry Day in February 2018.The EU Industry Day is a forum for key industrial players and EU political leaders and policy makers where to discuss on a joint vision for the long-term future of European industry.

11 October 2017

Launch of the European Battery Alliance

The European Battery Alliance (EBA) was officially launched in October 2017 by Vice President Šefčovič with the aim to create a competitive manufacturing value chain in Europe with sustainable battery cells at its core.



The value chain approach is usually not the norm in mature industries. However, for fast developing new industries this approach is essential.

To acquire the batteries needed, you have to ensure that the batteries are being manufactured. For this, battery cells must be produced. Raw materials must be made available. And finally, for the market to accept your product – you must have a recycling process in place.

The goal of the European Battery Alliance is to ensure an unbroken value chain in Europe that can supply the market with all it needs, with the lowest environmental footprint possible.


Through a series of workshops and seminars, we have identified key objectives to achieve and actions to implement that are presented below. If you would like to collaborate on any of these actions, please contact us.

Secure access to sustainably produced battery raw materials at reasonable costs:

1. Secure access to raw materials from resource rich countries outside the EU

1a. Apply diplomacy, strategic investments and stretch trade agreements (e.g. Canada, Republic of Congo) to secure access to raw materials

1b. Implement same compliance rules to foreign battery products imported to Europe as applied to European products

2. Facilitate the expansion/creation of European sources of raw materials

2a. Build European alliances between industries from different parts of the value chain and politics to boost mining and intermediate product production in EU

2b. Map geological and urban sources, and potential scenarios considering conflicting interests – and possible actions to take from a European and National perspectives

2c. Define and implement a simplified application process for opening of new mines

3. Secure access to secondary raw materials through recycling in a Circular Economy of Batteries

3a. Define and implement demonstration projects and regulation for recycling and second life of batteries.

3b. Improve regulation: Align strategic objectives of the Battery Directive, Energy Union RES-legislation, REACH, Critical Raw Materials, Mobility Package, Permitting, Transport Regulations, Mining Waste Directive, Mine Permission

Make Europe the global leader in sustainable battery technology:

4. Support the growth of a cell manufacturing industry that comes with the smallest environmental footprint possible. This will provide a key competitive and commercial edge versus competitors.

4a. Develop a standardized EU life cycle assessment scheme, with targets of environmental and social footprint including guidelines for the calculation thereof

4b. Define and implement certification/labelling of batteries made in Europe. Use the declaration as a tool in trade agreements / tax treatment with non-EU battery providers

4c. Reduce carbon footprint of advanced battery materials making and cell manufacturing by securing access to increasing supply of renewable Energy

4d. Develop a standardized life cycle assessment for all transport technologies

5. Create and sustain a cross-value chain ecosystem for batteries, incl. mining, processing, materials design, 2nd life, and recycling within the EU, encouraging cross-sectoral initiatives between academia, research, industry, policy, and the financial community.

5a. Invest in R&D and pilot plants to take the technology lead in primary
and secondary raw materials processing

5b. Establish a clearing house for battery recycling

5c. Strengthen all currently existing battery collection systems

Support European Battery manufacturing in order not to miss the hockey stick phenomenon in market demand (250B€ per year in 2025):

6. Ensure the availability of high quality and high-performance cells for European industries to maintain the competitiveness of several European industries.

6a. Define cell manufacturing as a strategic industry for the high-tech area Europe.

6b. Suggest tax incentives that can help establish cell manufacturing in Europe.

6c. Generate and secure European IP.

7. Front loading financially, e.g. IPCEI (important projects of common European interest) and/or other financial instruments such as tax incentives, the needed investments is a must for not missing the demand uptake.

7a. Investigate and implement de-risking possibilities (e.g. direct funding and funding bridges) for cell manufacturers.

7b. Define and implement criteria for IPCEI (Important Projects of Common European Interest) projects for cell manufacturing.

8. Accelerate time to market to meet market demand and international competitors.

8a. Standardize and simplify approval procedures (“Fast track”) and permitting (environmental, manufacturing, construction) process.

8b. Investigate and implement investment risk sharing between companies along the value chain, EU and member states to support new cell manufacturing.

Create and support new markets for batteries, e.g through the “Clean Energy” & the “Mobility” packages but also new initiatives, in order to support sustainable solutions for power, transportation and industry sectors in line with EU climate goals.

9. Increase the demand for e-mobility solutions including ”yellow machines”.

9a. Set clear targets, requirements and incentives for the installation of recharging infrastructure for buildings and publicly accessible areas (urban areas and public roads as well as along freeways).

9b. Define and implement a consistent incentivizing framework for the uptake of the EV market (e.g. emission standards for "yellow machines", promotion schemes for ZEV sales, public procurement targets for clean vehicles including public transport, tax and “soft” incentives such as use of public lanes and free parking).

9c. Implement favorable tax incentives for e-taxi operators e.g. special VAT schemes.

10. The function of batteries and battery systems must be seen pluri-functional, in a context of both power and transportation sectors. For ESS, regulation (or absence of it) enabling of right business models is crucial.

10a. Develop a power market design that enables the integration of ESS (including EV batteries through vehicle to grid) allowing ESS and EV batteries to support the power system management with high penetration of EV charging. Battery based actors/systems shall be able to participate in all parts of the power market and network tariff shall not penalize storage while driving electrification (capacity based + Time-of-use, with no charges for producers).

10b. Establish a transparent data hub for use data for e-vehicles (similar to best practice data for hub metering data of electricity customer).

11. Incentivise storage as alternative to conventional grid reinforcement.

11a. Integrate battery storage options and V2G in grid planning and resource planning (addressing security of supply).

12. Enable integration of ESS on all levels of the power system including behind the meter.

12a. Develop standardized interoperability interfaces allowing seamless secure integration of battery management systems of ESS and EVs and bi-directional communication with aggregation platforms or Energy markets. Evolution of digitized innovative energy services shall be enabled.

Grow the European R&I capacity. Develop and strengthen skilled workforce in all parts of the value chain and make Europe attractive for world class experts.

13. Create competitive advantage with constant incremental (e.g. Lithium ion) and disruptive (e.g. solid state) R&I connected to the industrial ecosystem in all the steps of the value chain (advanced materials, new chemistries, advanced manufacturing process, BMS, recycling, business model innovations).

13a. Define how to reach TRL 7 in 2023 on Generation 3b (advanced lithium-ion technologies with liquid electrolyte) for e-mobility

13b. Define how to faster reach TRL 7 on Generation 4 (all-solid-state lithium-ion technologies, e.g., with polymer or ceramic electrolyte) for e-mobility in 2023 by concentrating R&I efforts on this strategic topic

14. Conduct advanced research in battery chemistry, battery systems, manufacturing, recycling and increase university output in these areas by involvement of industrial stakeholders.

14a. Create stronger focus and more prescriptive R&I calls, co-defined with Industry and sustained over longer periods

14b. Establish a technology advisory board within the EU Battery Alliance, with the mandate to update the roadmaps and the R&I orientations, and manage the project portfolio (R&I project portfolio management)

15. Sufficient and key human capital skills are missing in Europe especially on applied process design. Lighthouse projects for cell manufacturing will attract worldwide talent.

15a. Actively identify and utilize synergy effect between large scale cell production and educational system to secure workforce competence transition

15b. Establish a European open access pilot line network to gain manufacturing experience

15c. Create a link between the educational network (Master programs in Universities) and the European pilot line network, in order to train the students on battery manufacturing

15d. Build new degree courses in consultation between universities and industries

15e. Dedicate national and ESF (European Social fund) funds for training professionals to new technologies systems and applications

16. Make Europe attractive for world class experts and create competent workforce.

16a. Define instruments to attract global key talents including process engineers and operations

Involve (= inform, educate & motivate) the EU citizens in the journey.

17. At the end of the supply chain there is always a B2C transaction. Public efforts (education in schools, role modelling, ...) should be spent on citizen awareness of the whole value chain, so there is a societal appropriation from the start. Fighting for keeping the supply chain in Europe will definitely help to bridge the gap citizen- politics.

17a. Involve Industry + Citizens + Policy makers on Use patterns / Re-use & Sustainability

17b. Highlight importance of batteries as a means to meet decarbonization goals in power and transport.

17c. Safeguard non-discriminatory access for consumers to energy service providers including charging services

Ensure maximum safety for European citizens and create competitive advantage through standardisation.

18. Standardize storage related installations including charging infrastructure, safety rules, active load compensation and enable vehicle to grid solutions.

18a. Develop and implement performance and safety assessment standards for batteries

18b. Harmonize charging protocols and billing systems in Europe


The European Battery Alliance is made up of a number of organisations from both the public and private sector. All in all more than 120 entities work together.

Raw materials
Active Materials
Battery Cells & Battery Packs
Recycling / 2nd life
Raw materials


- Boliden
- Eramet
- Leading Edge Materials
- Magnis /Allocate
- Outotec
- Rio Tinto
- Terrafame

Active Materials


- Arkema
- Blue Solutions (Bolloré)
- Heraeus
- Nanomakers
- NXP Semiconductors
- SGL Carbon SE

Battery Cells & Battery Packs


- Akasol
- BMZ - Batteriemontagezentrum
- Continental
- CustomCells
- E4V
- EAS Batteries
- EoCell Inc

- Leclanché
- Liacon
- LION E-Mobility
- Litarion GmbH
- Northvolt
- Saft
- Sonnen GmbH
- Terra E
- Varta



- Atlas Copco
- cyberGRID GmbH
- Daimler
- Edf
- Elring-Klinger
- Enel
- Fiat
- Husqvarna
- Jaguar-Landrover

- Manz
- Nissan (FR)
- PSA Groupe
- Renault
- Stihl
- Terna
- Total
- Vattenfall
- Volkswagen
- Volvo

Recycling / 2nd life


- Solvay
- Umicore
- Veolia


- Akkurate OY
- Ångström Advanced Battery Centre

- E4V
- EIT Raw Materials

- Fraunhofer
- SET Plan TWG 7
- T&E (Transport and Environment)


BATSTORM – battery-based energy storage roadmap

batstorm-logoThe Batstorm project supports the European Commission and the European Technology and Innovation Platform (ETIP) for Smart Grids and Storage in their progress to identify and support RTD&D needs and market uptake of battery based energy storage as one low-carbon technology of the future energy system.

Read more about their work here:

For more information, contact:

Ilka von Dalwigk
Policy Manager, InnoEnergy